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Anonymous asked:
"By “per season”, they don’t mean that per every four season a wolf pair is going to breed..." Good conversation indeed, but by "per season" I didn't mean "per every season of the year", it's rather obvious that wolves mate once a year, and that in biology "per season" means "per mating season", so "per year" for wolves. Because what you did there was humiliating for me. It was humiliating to assume that I meant "per every of four seasons", implicating my stupidity on the subject.

I was explaining that in case you didn’t know that, and mainly because I could not think of any other reason why you would otherwise mention this than you not being aware of this. Assuming you might not be aware of this fact is not at all humiliating. I have a broadly varying audience on this blog, whose extent of knowledge of the wolf ranges widely. By implying that it is humiliating that I assumed you weren’t aware of this fact, you are in fact humiliating my possible followers who did not know this.

Anyway, I’m done discussing little nitpicking things like this with a grey face who is too childish to admit that their way of talking to me wasn’t very polite. Stop trying to find something I was wrong about, because I wasn’t. Let’s get over youself and if you want to discuss in a mature way I’m all ears! :)

Anonymous asked:
From the same book:"Proportion of monogamous packs (i.e.only one pair breeding per season) in the wild is high". PER SEASON, and "At 3 years of age, Whitey replaced her mother as breeding female..." I'm not saying that wolves don't mate for life, (again, not per season), but I wanted to discuss whether it's common to wolves or if it's another assumption like "no healthy wolf has ever killed..." bla blah.

By “per season”, they don’t mean that per every four season a wolf pair is going to breed. They mean that per breeding season, one wolf pair in the pack is going to breed. Wolves only breed once a year (typically from January to March), not four times a year.

The example of Whitey you refer to stems form a wild Arctic wolf pack David Mech studied for several years – you can read all of his findings on that in the online free available scientific article “A ten-year history of the demography and productivity of an Arctic wolf pack”. Whitey was a particular dominant female offspring from the breeding pair in that pack, who replaced her mother’s role as breeding female at the age of three, and started to produce pups with the former breeding male (Whitey’s father, so inbreeding). Another wolf from that pack called Left Shoulder (origin unknown but supposedly to be Whiteys brother) took over the place of the first breeding male and formed the new breeding pair with Whitey (again, inbreeding).

The described above is just one example, and looking at the over all wolf statistics, polygamous acts like these are indeed not uncommon, but definitely not the customary. Like I have stated since the beginning, typically, wolves are monogamous. I specifically use the term typically because just like in many scientific cases of whatever subject, there are exceptions. So yes, it is common for wolves to be monogamous – exceptions left aside.

Really, I love discussing matters like this, so I like that you touch subjects like this and address comments or questions! But only in a respectful, polite way and not by your rude, bitchy comments like “well look at that, *brawl brawl*”.

Arctic wolf pups (Canis lupus arctos) by David Mech

(Source: wolveswolves)

Me seducing you

(Source: wolveswolves)

Great Plains wolf (Canis lupus nubilus) by Lorenz Sommer 

(Source: wolveswolves)

Anonymous asked:
Can you tell me more about wolves mating for life? Because monogamy in case of wolves is not that much obvious. They mate, for example, with one partner for a few years, and then with another for several years. Is there any scientific evidence of wolves mating with one partner for the lifetime?

(Assuming you’re the same anon from previous message)

A pack is essentially a family group, comprising an adult pair which typically mate for life, and their offspring of one or more years. (Mech, 1970), (Nowak, R. “Walker’s Carnivores of the World, 2005) A few exceptions have been revealed by both field and genetic study. (Lehman et al., 1992), (Mech and Nelson, 1990)

Most packs are low-density population packs. In low-density populations, wolves are typically monogamous, although of course there are exceptions (Mech, D., Boitani, L., “Wolves: Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation”, 2003, p.38), (D. Smith et al. 1997) Monogamous relationships are common in nuclear families as long as (1) offspring are not reproductively mature, (2) the breeders are more attracted to each other than to their offspring, and (3) courtship between sibs is interrupted. (Mech, D., Boitani, L., “Wolves: Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation”, 2003, p.58)

Of course it’s important to remember that wolves their average lifespan in the wild is about 8 years on average, while in captivity they easily live up to 14. So the reason why wolves change partners after a few years like you stated, is mostly because their current partner perished, not because wolves are polygamous.

So yeah,

image

^you                          ^me

Anonymous asked:
why did you delete your answer on 'do wolves mate for life'? you found out your answer was wrong? well look at that

Eh? Oh, no, it’s true - wolves typically mate for life!

I just received a similar question about that same subject that I was going to answer more in depth, so I deleted that message you’re talking about because I don’t want double information on here. I have tons of messages to answer and I don’t want this blog to get messy.

Keep it down a little and do some proper research, grey face!

 submitted:

I’m a tattoo artist…this is one of my favorite pieces that I tattooed on a friend of mine

(Source: wolveswolves)

mt2oo8 asked:
I know you love wolves, but do you like Husky dogs? It's the closest thing to a wolf I believe and I was wondering what you thought about them :)

I do! I love them for both their appearance and their behavior, but I prefer more wolf looking dog breeds.

Huskies are more closely related to their ancestor the wolf than other domestic dog breeds, but huskies are not the dog breed closest to wolves - not in appearance nor DNA. I wrote about this before, so I’ll copy it for you in case you’re interested in reading on this:

Domestic dogs have about 99% of their genes in common with one another. But a few very distinct genetic differences separate them into about 400 dog breeds known worldwide. All domestic dog breeds are almost identical in relatedness to wolves. The DNA structure of domestic dogs is only about 0,2% different from wolves.

A recent study claims that several dogs whose origins date back to antiquity are also the most genetically similar to wolves — the very oldest ones being from Asia, such as the Shar-pei and the Chow, and from Africa, such as the Basenji. Others, like the Afghan, come from the Middle East, while the Siberian husky and others come from the Arctic [source].

Note that looks can be deceiving; Huskies have a wolf-like appearance, but the extent to which a certain dog breed looks like a wolf stands apart from the extend to how closely related to wolves they are. For example, a Shih Tzu (which the authors of the recent study I talked about assigned to the ancient group of Asian dogs) is more closely related to the wolf than a German shepherd is.

List of the fourteen ancient breeds that show the fewest genetic differences from wolves [source]:

(Note that this study was done on 85 different dog breeds, and as there are some 400 known dog breeds (of which the AKC recognizes 167), it is possible that an extended study would reveal additional “ancient” breeds)

July 2014

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is scrapping any immediate plans to allow the Mexican gray wolf population to expand north to the Grand Canyon.

The details of the Federal government’s draft environmental impact statement, as well as revisions to proposed rule changes for the wolf population in Arizona and New Mexico can be read here

(Source: wolveswolves)

Anonymous asked:
What's your favourite fictional book on wolves?

The “Wolf Brother” series by Michelle Paver!

How will Dutch prey animals react on the wolf?

When the wolf settles in The Netherlands again, after being absent for over 150 years, how will prey animals such as red deer react? This situation is being simulated in National Park Veluwezoom in The Netherlands, by laying down wolf feces and register the reaction of red deer.

The research is done by capturing the behaviors of the prey animals by trap cameras. In Poland, the same research has been done with the exact same techniques. The research in The Netherlands can show a difference in the result of the research in Poland, because in Poland, wolves have already returned for quite a while.

Source

(Source: wolveswolves)

Male Eastern wolf (Canis Lupus Lycaon) by Khalliysgraphy

(Source: wolveswolves)

Here are the first wolf pups in the Cascade Mountains since the 1940s

Remember the “wandering wolf,” OR-7, who traveled from Oregon to California and back while wearing a GPS collar? The US Fish and Wildlife Service discovered that he’s now a proud dad to at least three pups, thanks to some camera trap photo!

The pups are also historic; OR-7 and his mate are the first wolves known to have bred and produced offspring in Oregon’s Cascade Mountains (which stretch from British Columbia to Northern California) since the 1940s! They’re a small, adorable conservation success story.

Pictures:
1: One of OR-7’s cubs
2: One of the pups, who appears to now have a GPS collar of its own
3: Two of the pups
4: Mom, a black wolf (who has not been given a formal designation)
5: And dad, OR-7, in a photo captured in May 2014

Source

(Source: wolveswolves)