The reason why encounters with wild wolves are rare, is because wolves are extremely shy animals. Over time, wolves learned to see us as dangerous, and will avoid us at all costs. If you spot a wolf in the wild, it is most likely not aware of your presence. Most of the time they are aware of our presence first, instead of the other way around.
Thisis unlikely, but íf you would encounter a wolf in the wild that is acting agressive towards you and is not scared of encountering you, the following is best to do: don’t run or turn your back on them. Instead, stand your ground, make yourself as big and tall as possible and make as much noise as you can - scream, turn up loud music on your phone, anything. Throw stuff at them if possible. If they don’t go away, back away slowly. This goes for encountering a pack of wolves as well. If they attack and you can, climb into a tree. Otherwise curl up on the ground and cover your face and neck.
Again, the above is in the extreme and unlikely situation of wild wolves being agressive and unafraid towards humans. In most wolf encounter cases, the wolf will flee once it becomes aware of you, or will curiously observe you from a safe distance for a while, to then most likely loose interest and proceed whatever it was doing.
In case you’re in an enclosure: stand with your back to the fence, and move to the exit while keeping your back to the fence. Make sure you don’t trip.
When a human enters a place where wild wolves live who have not yet experienced encounters with humans, there is a change they will come and check you out when they have the feeling you are not a threat. In this case I mean really coming up close to sniff you and really check you out. If this ever happens to you (although this is a véry unlikely thing because as stated above, most wolves ‘know’ of humans and learned to avoid them and see them as dangerous), best thing to do is stay low to the ground and don’t make any eye contact. This makes it sound like they are very aggressive animals, but this is just purely to make sure to act in the most save way - better safe than sorry. Once they’ve discovered you are not a threat, they will most likely loose interest in you, leave you alone and no longer bother about you.