As offspring begin to mature, they usually disperse from the pack as young as 9 months of age. Most disperse when 1-2 years old, and few remain beyond 3 years. They typically wander off as far as possible from their parent’s pack, which is like an instinct to keep the gene pool healthy.
When they disperse from the pack, they are a ‘lone wolf’ for a while, until they have find a mate to start their own family with. Although it is not common, a wolf sometimes joins another already existing pack.
Also, some yearlings stay in their parents’ pack, even when their parents have new litter.
"Timber wolf" is like used as this general collective name for the Gray wolf (Canis lupus), but it doesn’t really make sense and it’s not scientifically correct.
There are some subspecies of the Gray wolf that have the word “timber” in their name. For example the Eastern wolf (Canis lupus lycaon) is often calles Eastern Timber wolf, and the Mackenzie valley wolf (Canis lupus occidentalis) is also called Northern Timber wolf or Northwestern wolf.
Wolf coyote hybrids as a result of crossbreeding are called coywolves :)
Ah, nice topic! ^^
I don’t think the idea of re-introducing wolves in Scotland is a bad thing. But there recently was this specific plan on re-introducing them, and that kind of bothered me. This plan of re-introducing wolves (and bears) is one of a Scottish landowner: he wants to re-introduce about 20 wolves and 10 bears into his 50,000 acres fenced estate in Sutherland – a surface too small.
If it would be bigger, I won’t be against it, but there’s another thing: the reintroduction of wolves and bears would require great care and it will take many years before they can get to a point where there could be a general release of these – though the landowner wants it to happen right now already, which won’t do any good.
Also, in Scotland there’s a Land Reform Act. This gives everyone a right of responsible access over most of the land and inland water in Scotland. This could create issues for the reintroduction of the wolves and bears. It’s a challenge to see how they will prevent management activities to interfere with access takers exercising their rights.
EDIT: crescentfeathermoon did a EPQ (extended project qualification) on this topic:
Hey, I’ve copy and pasted the appendix so its all my resources and the notes I made for them underneath. Some of the sites require membership but the New Scientist articles you might be able to find in a library and a few others are posted on non-membership sites anyway if you google it.
Glad to be of help. :)
Amaroq E. Weiss, Timm Kroeger, J. Christopher Haney, Nina Fascione. No date given, latest dating sources used are from 2007. Social and Ecological Benefits of Restored Wolf Populations. http://www.wildlifemanagementinstitute.org/PDF/11-Social%20and%20Ecological….pdf
Through natural selection wolves could reduce chronic wasting disease in deer. Extent of impact unkown. Only based on simulations as ‘lack of overlap between CWD and occupied wolf habitat.’
I couldn’t find more than these two at the moment but here you go!
I actually just graduated art school! :)
It sure helps a lot and of course it is not useless (what was that person talking about, lol), but I know some examples of people who work in the wolf field with no biological background.