(I’m assuming you mean the combination of black and gray in a single wolf’s fur - correct me if I’m wrong)
It’s typical for an older, black coated wolf to gain gray “highlights” as a result of age, but this can appear in a wolf’s fur no matter the age.
Here are some real gorgeous black-and-gray fur colours ranging from predominantly black to predominantly gray
I never learned anything about this, so I did some quick research but could only find something for canines in general.
Canine blood types are denoted by “DEA,” (Dog Erythrocyte Antigen). They are broken down into eight categories:
This article may be of interest to you. Good luck!
Yes! Like most animals, each individual wolf has a preference in handedness.
Though mature wolves do not retain blue as an eye color, gray or green eyes can sometimes appear blue from certain angles or in certain lights or surroundings. Lukas’s eyes were an extremely light gray, which causes them to be reflective of his environment. Here’s a picture of Lukas:
This is another case of a wolf called Ruedi at Wolf Park, who is also famous for his appearing blue eyes.
First off, it’s important to understand that pack dynamics in an artificially composed wolf pack such as occurs in zoos are completely different from wolf packs as they occur in the wild. Wolf packs in zoos often exist out of unrelated wolves randomly being put together, resulting in the pack being an aggressive assortment of wolves consistently competing with each other to take over the pack, because there is no natural pack composition (natural composition: a breeding pair automatically becomes the “leading” pair - comparable to human families). In these cases, ranking terms such as “alpha”, “beta”, and “omega” still applies. This competing is often done by physical fighting, and it’s not uncommon that this fighting is reinforced because of the high levels of stress these captive wolves in zoos have. They often injur each other, and sometimes in extreme circumstances even themselves.
It’s possible the wolf’s cut on it’s leg was a result of this, or maybe it was just an accident. Either way, in these unnatural circumstances an injured wolf makes low ranking and in these extremes would mean she’s not worth of, or entitled to food. She’ll have to wait until the other wolves are finished with their food, before she can have any.
The described above is a result of extreme, unnatural and artificial circumstances that these wolves have to adapt to, and not at all typical behavior for wild wolves. In the wild, wolves will usually take great care of injured pack mates, since natural wolf packs typically are an extremely close family existing out of wolves that are all related to each other, with an unconditional love for one another. There are a lot of examples of wolves bringing food to their injured friends and even pre-chewing meat for them.
If you want to read more on ranking terms and why they are outdated, look here!
Chewing and biting on sticks is a way to ‘brush their teeth’, using sticks and bark as toothpicks. It’s also good for their jaw and teeth. Sometimes they also eat it to satisfy their hunger.
It indeed also often is just play behavior. Here’s an amazing video I shot of some wolves jumping into a tree to rip off bark to chew on and play with!
It’s not embarrassing at all - it’s a very interesting subject! :)
On wolves bonding: When wolves are sexually mature, they disperse from their pack to find a mate and their own territory to start a pack. This happens when they are about 1 – 3 years of age. The mating season is typically from January to March. Once a wolf found a mate, the two of them bond until it’s the mating season and then mate. So the duration of the bonding time can be different for each “couple”; a couple that got together in November has shorter bonding time than a couple that got together in May.
“When two wolves are about to mate, they bond, sleeping close and touching each other more and more. They will approach each other making quiet whining sounds, mouth each others muzzles, touch noses, and bump there bodies together. There may be mutual grooming and nibbling of each other’s coats and the two may walk pressed close together. The Male may bow to the female, toss and tilt his head, and lay his legs over her neck in what could only be described as a flirting manner. The two may even sleep side by side.” [X]
On physically being locked together during mating: Wolves have, just like all carnivora, a penis bone (‘baculum’) that supports the erectile tissue. Once the wolves are mating, the penis swells even more and pinch the muscles of the vagina strongly to the penis. This is to ensure that the sperm actually reaches the ovaries. The how and why about this development is difficult to answer, just like many other evolutionary questions. Wolves live in packs that often consist out of more than the breeding pair (relatives from the breeding pair, or yearlings). So during mating, there often are other animals from the pack on site, so a mating female wolf runs little risk, except perhaps from other jealous wolves - and in that case it is good that her partner can not leave prematurely.
Hello! First of all, I am so incredibly jealous of your education! I did a little research and found this for you:
Some avenues wolves communicate through are more researched/researchable than others. For example, sound and scent are fairly well documented whereas touch and taste are less easy to investigate.
"The role of taste in wolf communication has been difficult to assess. It is important to realise that it usually greatly interacts with other signals such as smell. Dogs have been found to possess receptors for salt, bitter, acid and sweet – thus wolves probably do as well.
Taste may be involved in the transmission of pheromonal information contained in urine and other substances. It may also be involved when adults and pups lick the muzzles of other wolves for food-begging. Grooming stimulated by blood on the muzzle or head of a pack mate may be reinforced by taste. The methodical grooming of pups by their mothers suggest that their fur may contain a pleasant-tasting substance not present in older animals – but again, all of these examples could be spurred on by scent signals.” [X]
"Investigation of taste are made difficult by the fact that the influence of smell often plays a major role in the way a food "tastes." It is known that canines possess taste receptors for the four taste categories: salty, bitter, sweet, and acidic. Felines on the other hand, do not respond to sweetness. The sweetness receptivity would be adaptive use to wolves, as sweet berries and other fruits do play a minor role in their diet." [X]
Sources I found for you:
Yes, both Huskies and Malamutes are more closely related to wolves than other domestic dog breeds.
Domestic dogs have about 99% of their genes in common with one another. But a few very distinct genetic differences separate them into about 400 dog breeds known worldwide. All domestic dog breeds are almost identical in relatedness to wolves. The DNA structure of domestic dogs is only about 0,2% different from wolves.
A recent study claims that several dogs whose origins date back to antiquity are also the most genetically similar to wolves — the very oldest ones being from Asia, such as the Shar-pei and the Chow, and from Africa, such as the Basenji. Others, like the Afghan, come from the Middle East, while the Siberian husky and others come from the Arctic [source].
Note that looks can be deceiving; Huskies and Malamutes have a wolf-like appearance, but the extent to which a certain dog breed looks like a wolf stands apart from the extend to how closely related to wolves they are. For example, a Shih Tzu (which the authors of the recent study I talked about assigned to the ancient group of Asian dogs) is more closely related to the wolf than a German shepherd is.
List of the fourteen ancient breeds that show the fewest genetic differences from wolves [source]:
(Note that this study was done on 85 different dog breeds, and as there are some 400 known dog breeds (of which the AKC recognizes 167), it is possible that an extended study would reveal additional “ancient” breeds)
Siberian Huskies are one of the dog breeds that actually howl more often than other dogs. Huskies are known to communicate less by barking and more in “talking”, “singing” and howling noises, but this has nothing to do with them being more related to wolves than other dog breeds.
Displaying homosexual behavior is very common among wolves, Just like most animals, wolves have been observed engaging sexual behavior such as resembling mating behavior with a wolf of the same sex, sometimes even in preference for opposite sex when options were available. Male wolves often mount each other, but this is in a dominance displaying way. I don’t know whether gay wolves or lesbian wolves are more common.
We can’t tell whether a wolf is actually aware or not that there is a distinction between sexual attraction to it’s own sex and that to the other, but we do call wolves engaging in such behavior homosexual.
If you want, you can read some more about it in Joan Roughgarden’s book ‘Evolution’s rainbow: diversity, gender, and sexuality in nature and people’, and in addition to that, just by giving it a search online you’ll find lots of interesting stuff!
Also, in your case it depends on what you mean by “she had taken her place”. This is most likely an occurence that stands apart from Aria and Clair being homosexual or not. All wolves love pups and are “programmed” to protect and nurture them, and when one of the parents in a wolf pack dies, another adult member of the pack usually replaces the parent’s leading role. Whether this is a female or male wolf taking over Derek’s place, has nothing to do with their sexuality - unless Aria and Clair are exhibiting sexual behavior.
About two weeks of age, wolf pups begin to stand and walk, and their vocalizations starts to include growls, whimpering and squeaks, and high-pitched attempts at howling.
Colour variations per wolf specie:
- Gray wolves (Canis lupus) can have coat colours or colour combination ranging from black, grey, white (though never a pure white as seen in dogs), brown, blonde, “silver”, reddish/orange. The Gray wolf has a lot of subspecies, and each subspecie has it’s own variation in colour. Some can come in all colours named above, whereas other Gray wolf subspecies for example only come in white. Some colour possibilities in Gray wolves:
Entirely black [X]
Black and grey [X]
Different shades of grey [X]
Very light grey [X]
Big contrast [X]
Little contrast [X]
Grey white black brown [X]
Brown/reddish with whites and blacks [X]
Brown and black with some greys [X]
Brown and black [X]
Light brownish/sandish [X]
White with some grey and/or black variations [X]
All of the pictured above of course can have lots of variations - especially the darkness/brightness and contrast. No wolf looks the same.
If you want to know the colour possibilities of a certain Gray wolf subspecie, you can easily find that online.
- Red wolves (Canis rufus) always have a combination of the colours orange/reddish, brown and grey, with black markings and along with some white parts and some black parts like the tip of their tail:[X]
- Ethiopian wolves (Canis simensis) are orange with white, with some grey and black markings:[X]
Also, here's a nice chart with pictures of some wolf subspecies that shows the typical coat colour for each subspecies.
Wolves have a basic aversion to fighting and will do much to avoid any aggressive encounters.
It has been observed that a socialized wolf had become frantically upset upon witnessing its first dog fight. The distressed wolf intervened and eventually broke up the fight by pulling the aggressor off by the tail."
Nooo, that’s not naive, love! <3
Wolves reside around all kinds of places the world, and (sub)species have adapted to different climates. Ethiopian wolves for example are much smaller, have bigger ears for cooling, and have a thinner coat than the typical Gray wolf.
Ethiopian wolves indeed are very rare and listed as endangered, but that has nothing to do with the fact that they can not handle circumstances in their environment such as the heat. Threats for Ethiopian wolves include increasing pressure from expanding human populations, disease such as rabies transference from dogs, and the fact that they are specialised feeders which means that they require particular rodents for their dinner which can only be found in particular habitats.